Frequent choking, shortness of breath, and increased periods of breathlessness are significant signs and symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. A family practice physician in Lady Lake carries out an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan for chronic obstructive pulmonary conditions like chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is used to refer to progressive lung diseases like chronic bronchitis and emphysema. It is a condition that occurs when the lungs are damaged hence reducing their functionality. The main cause of COPD is usually smoking. However, one may also suffer from lung disease due to being exposed to various irritants like gases, pollutants, and fumes. Additionally, a small group of people may have this condition, which may be caused by alpha-1-antitrypsin, a genetic disorder.
As the condition progresses, one experiences increased breathlessness and decreased lung function. When your lung functionality decreases, you are at risk of more damages occurring to your lungs. There is no cure for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in most cases, but the management of the symptoms prevents the complication of this condition.
What are the signs and symptoms of COPD?
When one has this condition, they may present with one or a combination of the following signs and symptoms. They include wheezing, shortness of breath, fatigue, especially when undertaking an activity, frequent coughing, and tightness in the chest.
Diagnosis of COPD
After visiting the facility, the doctor performs a physical examination and collect both the family and medical history. A lifestyle history is also collected to help determine the extent to which you have been exposed to some lung irritants or cigarette smoke. Some additional tests may also be taken, like a pulmonary function test carried out to measure the capacity of your lung, chest x-ray to look for heart failure, emphysema, and other lung conditions.
Arterial blood gas analyses are carried out to estimate oxygenation and deoxygenation of the blood. The doctor may also carry out some laboratory tests to determine if genetic disorders may be the cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and help identify other health conditions.
Treatment of COPD
There is no specific cure for COPD, but various treatment options cater to your individual need. Your treatment is more effective if the diagnosis is made early enough before any complication arises. The specialists in the facility usually provide individualized treatment options in line with your individual needs. For instance, if you usually smoke, the experts work very closely with you to determine the most effective strategy to reduce and quit smoking.
After you stop smoking, the doctor also helps you develop some strategies to control the signs and symptoms of COPD. Treatment options available are long-term drugs used to treat the symptoms, surgery such as Bullectomy, reduced lung volume, or transplants. Short term medicines to control exacerbations, and lung therapies, including oxygen supplementation, are also available. Additionally, some holistic therapies are also offered by specialists in addition to traditional medical care.
Suppose you want to effectively manage COPD contact or call Integrated Family Medical Center today. The experts in this facility will explain various ways of managing COPD, including regular exercises, controlled coughing to clear your airway, breathing techniques, and a healthy diet. In case you are suffering from COPD, visit this facility to receive the best treatment that suits your needs.